Interpersonal Relationship, Friendship, Like, Psychotherapy

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In this process, the principles of Grounded Theory Analysis were utilized. Principal coding categories were used in the analysis from the interview transcripts, as well as the recognition of a variety of significant topics. These were then simply organized into a formal codebook. The coding of the transcripts also generated new designs and adjustments were made to the findings on this basis, where it was considered to be suitable.

What kind of statistical analysis was used?

Chi-square analyses were used to look at differences and deviances inside the reason why guys feel emotionally close to females vs . men.

Was the ideas supported?

One of the main aims in the study was going to determine and evaluate the adequacy of gents relationship regarding fulfilling emotional needs. There have been a number of central concerns that were investigated throughout the interviews. These were; whether males share emotionally closer relationships with girls or guys; differences in the reasons that males feel emotionally closer to females or males; as well as relational and market influences on men’s close emotional associations.

Central for the study was the hypothesis of gender differences in relationship issues between men and women. One of the central findings was that the reason why lots of men felt emotionally closer to girls than other guys, was the potential that these relationships provided for guys to disclose all their feelings to women. The men surveyed also found that there is greater mental comfort in speaking about problems with girls than with other men. Lovemaking intimacy was also a positive factor that was noted in this regard.

Yet , it was also available that men were able to rest and identify with other guys. This provides a different sort of form of psychological closeness. An essential finding from the study is the fact “… faithfulness to traditional gender-role stereotypes mediates gents experiences with emotional nearness and intimacy in their relationships with women and men” (Wagner-Raphael et ‘s. ).

The very last point stated earlier is an important aspect of this study. It points out that relationships between males and among men and women are frequently affected and in many cases determined by the gender stereotypes that each specific adheres to. This is specially the case with men and their relationships with women.

Guys are socialized to avoid showing feminine attributes, including the appearance of visibility and weeknesses… Pollack (1999) described these rigid gender-role norms as “gender straitjackets, ” which in turn lead guys to stifle their desire for intimacy and to hide lurking behind “an emotional mask of masculine bravado or invulnerability. “

Wagner-Raphael et ‘s. )

What conclusions were drawn?

The findings had been relatively inconsistent. The authors of the analyze attribute this disparity to factors such as the intricate relationship among self-disclosure, gender, situational elements, and individuality characteristics. An important finding however was that, inch “Emotional closeness and self-disclosure are important constructs to examine because of their saliency in normal interpersonal interactions, their particular importance towards the development of sociable relationships, and the impact of these variables on psychological health and adjustment” (Wagner-Raphael et al. ). Consequently , psychological health and self-disclosure are noticed to be associated in this study to the notion of good sociable relationships.

Another finding with the study is that, despite the frequency of guy stereotyping, there was a recognized change in the attitude of men toward evaluative self-disclosure with ladies. Many men reported that they could actually engage in even more emotionally expressive relationships with women. This really is ascribed to “… the effect of the latest changes in gender roles on intimate cross-sex relationships in that the men analyzed in the present research were very likely to exhibit a mix of masculine and female traits” (Wagner-Raphael et ‘s. ).


The above study and studies has served to grow my understanding and familiarity with modern interactions in a number of ways. The differences plus the similarities between friendship and love is a crucial part of this understanding. What is possibly more significant is the position that communication and conversation plays in several types of relationships.

The importance of self-disclosure was also a theoretical aspect that was enlightening. Self-disclosure is a challenging process as it involves producing oneself susceptible to the other person in the relationship. However , as these study displays, without the likelihood of vulnerability there could be little progression and creation in any deep relationship.

Along with these insights may be the significance of social exchange theory. This showed the importance of reciprocal sharing and balance in relationships. An additional aspect that the resrch examine discussed above made clear was the different thinking towards associations in term of male or female perceptions. What was extremely interesting was the method by which relationships tend to be determined and shaped simply by cultural and social stereotypes and that fact that many of these cultural stereotypes happen to be altering while using changing nature of modern male-female relationships today.

Possibly the most important aspect the above examine brought to light was the fact that human relationships, whether they be on the amount of friendship or perhaps love, are very important if certainly not essential for the psychological health and great development of every human being.

Performs Cited

ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA: meaning of loyalty. October 18, 3 years ago.

Appreciate: the crucial issue in psychotherapy. August 18, 3 years ago.

Social Exchange Theory. October 18, 2007.

Self-Disclosure. August 18, 2007.

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