Every disaster shows some lessons and creates an opportunity to do something in a better way of lowering the catastrophe in the future. Tragedy 2013 of Uttarakhand had shown weaknesses in the next:
Communication and Technological Creation: For successful management in the disaster, constant inflow of reliable, genuine and up to date information is vital (Rautela, 2013).
a) The multimodal transport system with built-in redundancies is highly required.
b) Streets and bridges in the Himalayan Regions need to be built in another way to guard against landslide and floods.
c) A network of airstrips and heliports are required to remove endangered persons and supply comfort materials.
d) Cellular communications must be strengthened to allow the relief and pain relief work besides creating livelihood opportunities for the people moving into remote regions of the state.
a) Open public buildings need to be designed in a way that they are capable of withstand landslides caused by heavy rains.
b) Habitations which are endangered by river bank erosion and landslides have to be moved to safer places soon.
c) Stringent prohibition of encroachment in the riverbeds and steps ought to be taken for removal of earlier encroachment.
Management of environment and vegetative cover
a) Greening of the ski slopes and small area around the path of rivers and allowing the river a floodplain will reduce the adverse impact of flooding inside the rivers.
b) Environmental services provided by dense organic forests, alpine pastures, ponds and glaciers should be recognized and compensated by the beneficiaries of these providers.
c) Watershed treatment programmes have to make it easier to channelize the output of surplus water, improve the contouring and bunds protecting fertile land or perhaps underground normal water sources with vegetative cover.
d) River Standard has to be medically extracted by all the streams and rivulets flowing through Uttarakhand so the river programs are free via clogging and therefore are kept profound.
Development of Science and Technologies:
a) Better meteorological and river flow remark equipment is needed to improve the ability to forewarn the neighborhood population about likely undesirable weather situations.
b) River schooling structures are required to utilize the drinking water resources while at the same time serving to limit the damage caused due to flash ton.
c) Smart electricity distribution plants with disaggregated load give centres must be planned to stop outrages.
a) The government with the state must encourage sustenance options furthermore to travel and leisure to reduce finish dependence on Char Dham Yatra. Huge investment in terms of technology, as well as economic assistance, must shift by subsistence farming to generating high-value items which include herbs, aromatic essential oil extracts, basis seeds, winter vegetables, blossoms and fruits with the corresponding investment in taking the develop to the market.
b) Environmental solutions provided by thick natural jungles, alpine pastures, lakes and glaciers ought to be recognized and rewarded by beneficiaries.
Policies and Regulations Corrected by Uttarakhand State intended for Future Strength (post flash flood of 2013)
1 ) Uttarakhand Express officials have been directed to come up with the new green measure ‘gross environment product’ (GEP) which usually would give out yearly changes on the position of the state’s glaciers, forests, rivers, quality of air, soil etc . Hence, Uttarakhand became the first point out in the country to begin tabulating GEP, a way of measuring the health of the state’s all-natural resources.
2 . Part III of Uttarakhand Ton Plain Housing code Act, 2012 was revised after the expensive flood, 2013 that the Flood Zoning Authority should execute surveys of the river going through floodplains to determine the nature and the extent of floodplains of the streams.
several. Chapter IV of Uttarakhand Flood Simple Zoning Action, 2012 says Notification of Limits of Flood Flatlands says that the State Government on such basis as a report from the Flood Housing code Authority or by the notice from the Established Gazette can easily declare to demarcate the floodplain areas, either to prohibit and restrict the usage of land routine.
4. Uttarakhand Large Court offers imposed a ban on any kind of construction in a radius of two km by major wetlands in Bhimtal, Nainital, Khurpatal, Sattal and Naukuchiyatal ponds without determining the bearing capacity.
5. Uttarakhand High The courtroom has also imposed a ban in cutting down of trees within just 5 km from the waterways in Uttarakhand.
6. Uttarakhand Substantial Court has banned the burning up of fossil fuel within 12 km from the glaciers as well as the state government have been asked to provide LPG and kerosene to residents of Bhimtal, Nainital, Khurpatal, Sattal and Naukuchiyatal. All plastic-type material bags and other such items have also been suspended within 20 km with the glaciers.
7. Uttarakhand High The courtroom has reported river Chollo and riv Yamuna as the ‘Living Entity’ because of the damages made by a persons beings by throwing commercial sludge, materials, religious waste materials, etc . At present, Ganga and Yamuna streams have the right to be legitimately protected like a natural man.
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