Introduction This newspaper explores just how ethnic eating places could be a stepping stone towards both sides in the spectrum of in? of multicultural culture. A Home to people of manymuch several ethnic experience, Britain an important event multicultural place. ContempoaryContemporary The united kingdom has been one of the countries which may have experienced a rapid growth of inhabitants through the process of international immigration(Piccolo and Jones 2001). This increases the human population diversity, producing a variety of different ethnical communities; reshaping the socio-cultural and monetary structure with the nation. The uk has arrived towards the Age of immigration and fraction.
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The differences’ of different cultural groups can coexist in an environment with joyously adopt, celebrated and harmony, or in an environment with disagreement, mistrust and clashes (Thompson 2003). Ideas Many different factors can affect the progression of multiculturalism; the ethnic eating places industry is only part of the dilemna. Hence, the two internal and external variables from the cultural restaurant sector will be study.
However , this paper could be more focus to the following ideas: (this line doesn’t generate sense) 1) Does the position of cultural restaurants provides a barrier or a stepping-stone within the process of multiculturalism?. 2) At whatich degree of the world does cultural restaurants plays athe most significant role within the process of multiculturalism. These ideas will be discovered and in interesting depth, with theories and concepts supplying the foundation of the newspaper and the conclusions will be evaluated with a example to test out the findings in relationship while using reality.
Technique The strategy will be based on research on the ideology of multiculturalism with regards to food being a symbol of multiculturalism, plus the relationship of ethnic restaurants with multiculturalism. The research will certainly consist of both primary and secondary research; the background understanding of the cultural restaurants market is mainly based upon relevant journals and other resources, the ideology of multiculturalism and its marriage with the ethnic restaurants will probably be split into two separate sections. This allows the suggestions of the hypotheses to have similar weight.
After this, will be distinguishing the main factors that have the top impacts on the progression of multiculturalism including which amount of these factors have the the majority of affect, which is my hypotheses. With sufficient amount of ideas and theories in similar field written by a range of creators from different background recently been examined and explored, a self-constructed example will be attached. Investigating how a ideas in the secondary research relate to the fact. An cultural restaurant will probably be chosen, the restaurant must be a restaurant that are similar to the type of restaurants that have been analyzed from a few of the authors which were researched inside the literature assessment section.
The sort of primary research will be through observation and interviewing a number of the main players within the eating places, both the ecuries and the customers. By selecting the different players of the cultural restaurant, I am able to start building up some of the insight of the kind of knowledge the stakeholders of an ethnic cafe have around the idea of multiculturalism. The newspaper will be determined with a brief summary of the primary findings from the research and just how the results tie in or contradiction to reality, the situation study.
This is an important area of the paper, while this will confirm if the theories behind perform or tend not to occur in fact. It completes off with some personal observations and further improvements that might be useful if this newspaper is to be study in the future. The individual insight s i9000 based on the findings in the paper, and additional improvement contains some of the troubles that have occurs during the course of the research and the case study constructed.
It will be useful for any research in the event they were to become interested in this kind of topic. Books Review Basic Background Because the 1970’s there has been a rapid embrace ethnic entrepreneurship in The uk. This have been argued like a survival method for ethnic groups toward deindustrialisation, many migrants which were initially recruited for low-skilled manual jobs have to adapt to the changes of economic structure from manufacture to service centered economy(Jones and Ram 2003). With the increasing upward trend of eating dinner out in the United kingdom economy (Ram, Sanghera ou al.
2k; Ram, Williams et al. 2002), a large number of ethnic teams have eyeds this as an opportunity in order to survive the transitional phase of the region., Thisthe trend of a varied diet with the British economic climate helps the ethnic group, as ethnic minority together with the knowledge of new food have got a comparison advantage in entering the ethnic dishes business (Ram, Sanghera ou al. 2000). However , the velocity and growth of ethnic business owners entering industry exceed the marketplace potential, consequently creating a marketplace that is overcrowded (Ram, Roberts et ‘s.
2002) or possibly a market with hyper-competition (Jones and Memory 2003). Even as we progress for the 21st century there are periods of time that the growth in the number of the ethnic delicacies market to slow down, nevertheless , there have been an increase in the quality of services and goods provide with ethnic cuisines (Ram, Sanghera et approach. 2000). We take the Italians for example , if the Italians initial started all their catering business in Britain; at the beginning that they started with pizzeria or perhaps dinner, since the start-up cost to the business is relatively low., Today, and today this has advanced to white-tablecloth restaurants where the return of investment is significantly greater.
There are similar habits of creating a more upscale organization where results are greater (Ray 2005), also known to some as the bottom-up theory in the providing industry(Riello 2006). Another disagreement to the move from volume to top quality in cultural cuisine is the increase in expertise available sector in the second era of the ethnic minority. As mentioned before the speedy growth of cultural cuisine companies are one of the your survival strategy implemented in the amount of deindustrialisation.
With the growth of the second generation coming from ethnic groups, some of the obstacles of the first generation of entering the market are taken off. (For model, language/communication obstacle removed) Second generation cultural entrepreneur eye the cultural catering industry not as a survival strategy, but rather a means to00 climb the income ladder(Ram, Sanghera ou al. 2000; Ram, Williams et al. 2002; Smith and Ram memory 2003; Riello 2006). Ethnic cuisine have been embedded in to the modern society this is partly as a result of dynamicity with the economic structure of the country, the cultural cuisine sector have also adopted with this kind of dynamicity and restructure by itself to establish into the restaurant sector.
With the second generation from the ethnic minority becoming more qualified and very well adopted in the economy, the nature of the industry have changed. Foodstuff as mark of traditions The importance of consumer behavior in the traditional western society is the contribution inside the creation and adaptation towards the level of approval to new commodities and social behavior. The idea of a changing style of consumerism plays a significant role inside the general acceptance of different tradition.
Food can be assumed as a commodity for an economy, and various ethnic cuisine supplies diverse cultural structured product’, therefore ethnic food to an specific extents is called an ethnic commodity (Ray 2005), and ethnic restaurants, with the raising trend of eating out acts as a catalyst to a general acceptance of different cultural social habit(Riello 2006). Wedding caterers has been seen as a symbol of culture, the main reason for this is the fact that several ethnic foods have its very own identity, quality and classic attach to it(Ram, Jones ainsi que al. 2002). Similar to additional culture icons: such as spots of worship, ethnic restaurants share a number of the fundamental purpose that occurs in places of worship.
They will both supply a gathering place for groups with prevalent believes, and educating its users to get a feel of the meaning it is hoping to get out. In addition , there are distinct symbols of culture in different method of eating, similar to diverse methods of praying. The mark of cultural relating to the method of different way of eating is extremely strong., Illustrations includesuch as the usage of several cutlery, generally in European catering, the main usage of cutleryscutleries are pocket knifes, forks, and spoons, and the south-east Asian the key usage of cutlery is chopstick.
These distinct methods of consuming can be seen as different symbols of food or tradition. (Bruckner 06\; Hussain and Miller 2006) Food culture is also associated to class differencest; there have been a long history of catering regarding class, this is due to the history of good class parting in the american society. Such as: in the eighteenth century, during the north Western renaissance the Italians culture has enjoyed an important function in every part of living, Italian food and catering included. The taste of Italy provides soon end up being the cultural leader in european society.
In that period, the Italian meals industry all-around Europe was experiencing an increase of popularity of the German catering. Yet , this rise in the interest of Italian food can be not entirely due to the preference and quality from outstanding of abilities in providing, but as well the social associations. (Riello 2006). These kinds of long reputations of foodstuff in association with traditions and school have repeated itself with different culture with regards to the trend and fashion with all the leading traditions group.
Should I do into class segregation or should I concentrate on tradition? In recent record, there have been elevating trends of your more diverse style of catering; this is due to the fact that, the numbers of choices of different ethnic restaurants have got increased significantly, especially south-eastsoutheast Asian repas. This is due to the effects that south-eastsoutheast Asians repas have been seen as a health diet plan, hence building a brand to get Asians wedding caterers to be a image of proper diet. I will find reading that will support this time.
Food in relationship with multiculturalism Multiculturalism has been an increasingly popular ideology to modern society. This is caused cya the increase in convenience of intercontinental migration due to the increase in technology that enable people to move around the world with less significant amount of effort. Furthermore, the general reshaping of social and economic structure with the aid from techniques such as globalisation. One can admit today’s societies have become more diverse than any other time in background. With just like diverse groups of people with diverse ethnic, religious beliefs, and cultural background, people have came up with several ideas and models that may accomplish while using increase in selection of culture group surviving in the same world.
One of the main ideologies of multiculturalism is the harmony of benefits of similar and various groups interacting in close proximity to each other. (Jesudason 1997; Ram, Jones et approach. 2002) Must i expand or try to position the arguments of multiculturalism with each other? Diffusion of different groups One of many aspects of multiculturalism is how the process of the diffusion of various groups integrates into the same society.
The benefits and disadvantages of the level of konzentrationsausgleich of different organizations merge collectively. merge. (Thompson 2003; Beam 2005) Advantages: Groups of several culture backdrop merging togethermerging will stimulate an environment of your richer feeling of traditions. The learning and teaching of numerous culture symbolism will benefits and improve the standard of living and the standard of well-beings of all the different teams within inside the society. With the increase of acceptance and tolerance of groups of diverse ethnic, religion and cultural background will certainly reduce or remove a chance of splendour or ethnicity riotrivet, which usually, which in record have leads to some of most devastating and dramatic famous events.
Disadvantages: The losst of identity and beliefsve of different cultural groups is going to eventually create a society of no big difference? t’. Lowering the varieties of identity within a society will certainly damage of possibility of a multicultural contemporary society. I have difficulty trying to clarify this pursuing idea, I do understand the a couple of different techniques, but putting it on paper is difficult.
Differences of Groups One of the most difficult ideology behind multiculturalism is the right way to verify right after of groupings. In general you will discover two strategies in verifying the differences of groups: An indifferences approach towards several: The indifferences approach toward different is the fact instead of determining different organizations in the level of differences in regards to other groupings. One will attempt identifying distinct groups with all the amount of similarity of the members. This approach strongly focus on the idea of equality, assuming everybody is equal.
This sounds like a much more appropriate approach; however it reduces the importance of numerous identity atlanta divorce attorneys single part of the group. A dissimilarities approach to different: Right after approach to different is usually identifying the level of differences between groups. Contrary to the indifferencesindifferences, approach to different. This method shows that most members of a group is going to still have individual personal level of different.
In addition, it takes into consideration that ethnical do not comes after the secret of universalism, meaning everybody will be different no matter what culture group they are in. Tool or Barrier? In the restaurant sector there is a very secure ethnic primarily based pattern of recruitments, portion of the reasoning at the rear of this is the strong cultural qualifications behind ethnic restaurants. Firstly, catering is one of the classic niches traditionally occupied by cultural minority, because the cultural identification is of the utmost operational importance.
In the case of the operation within the kitchen, it really is surrounded which has a working environment that consist repeated activities with rushed instructions, since in most ethnic restaurant the type of food produced will be catered with ethnic culinary chefs. The importance of communication in the kitchen is crucial. This is among the push factors for any staff with different english language proficiency to operate from this working environment(Ram, Sanghera ou al. 2000; Jones and Ram 2003; Ray 2005).
Secondly, just like other services based businesses, the working several hours for employees inside the restaurants industry can be asserted to beas unsociable., Tthis is due to the fact that in the catering market the rush hours’ will be the hours that can be assumed to be the most sociable hours’ (Ram, Sanghera ain al. 2000).
Due to the natureal of the catering industry penalized serving users for their cultural activities, This could be deduce as the opportunity cost for people linked to the catering industry of forgoing their particular social coming back the come back that they obtain, in this case income for working. (this series is too long and I can’t see how to create it smaller sized cos We don’t appreciate it! ) A And lots of ethnic restaurants are is definitely supported with strong relatives ties and cultural support., Iit is incredibly common to get an ethnic business to operate with a high level of relatives involvement, and this could be part-time of or perhaps full-time involvement. These excessive levels of relatives support have been completely adopted by the ethnic group in their success strategy which has kept all of them in the businessThe ethnic group in their your survival strategy which includes kept them in the business provides adopted these kinds of high numbers of family support., FAas family support will not only presents support monetarily, but as well physically and morally, in fact it is the physical and meaningful support that have kept the ethnic entrepreneurship to stay in the competitive marketplace rather than the economical support.
The thought of converting traditions or dedication into capital capital, thatthat can be use as an advantagesan benefit in order to stay competitive against much better resourced organisations. With these causes, the pattern of the employment in ethnic restaurants includes a much higher concentration of ethnic group than most other kind of organisations. This may act as a barrier several ethnic hispanics working in restaurants to dissipate into the world. Firstly, the language barrier will be harder to break, as the chinese language used in the workplace will most likely be their native dialect.
The language buffer should be the initial barrier in order to in order for visitors to diffuse in to the surrounding society, as connection is one of the principles of any type of social connection. In the case of functioning unsociable several hours, this is also another barrier for employees related to the catering sector to dissipate with the contemporary society, as the timing’ to interact with individuals are limited, reducing the chance and pace of which they can dissipate into the culture. Finally, together with the high level of family involvement in the eating places industry, this can be a micro’ scale in comparison to the other two examples discussed earlier.
By this I am talking about, the higher the concentration of family involvement in the business the greater isolated the group should be to the surrounding culture., Tas the sole people that they shall be in contact is their family again setting up a barrier simply by reducing the degree of interaction for the surrounding contemporary society. As mentioned ahead of one of the features of restaurants is to provide people of similarity with each other, acting being a gathering point and instructing its users., Inin this example, case it is the culture as well as the traditional in the ethnic meals they can trying to educates it users.
Cultural restaurants just like other web based located in aspects of high demand in the product (Jesudason 1997; Beam 2005; Riello 2006), because ethnic meals is a social commodity, most ethnic restaurants are located in area of bigger concentration of ethnic populace, this is to boost the number of conceivable customer from the ethnic restaurants, which makes monetary sense. As with some casescases, an cultural restaurant is focusing on a niche market. Through an distinctive target group of potential customers, they can turn into an greatest ethnic monopoly (Ram, Sanghera et ing.
2000). Once again with the increasing trend of eating cultural food, plus the increase from the level of popularity of ethnic food, a great ethnic cafe will be a gathering point of both related and different teams. This can act as a tool since an opportunity pertaining to similar and different group to congregate with each other, both learning and teaching about they culture history, achieving among the theory of multiculturalism, which is people coming from dissimilar groups gather with each other in an environment with joyously embrace, commemorated and harmony(Thompson 2003). (cut this sentence in your essay into two) The idea of gonna restaurants using a different ethnic background is the fact it offers a taste, top quality and a setting that is different from ordinary food.
The experience of experienced an environment of different culture backdrop is one of the primary attraction of ethnic restaurants and the cause of the surge in the demand for ethnic restaurants(Ram, Jones ou al. 2002). Taken the idea of consumerism into account, if you have a higher level of consumption in different goods or services, the overall acceptance of the particular goods or services will also maximize. Hence the rise in the ingestion of ethnic food raises the general acceptance of cultural food (Riello 2006).
While catering is seen as a form of art, meaning wedding caterers and fine art both share some common proprieties just like producing a product that will teach and sent out an concept to the consumer, with the embrace the level of general acceptance of ethnic food, the user can be more and more informed and prefer the artist (in this case the chef), and similar to a artwork, user will even start to prefer the cultural background and the traditional aspect at the rear of the method and ideology of catering while the same as they will admire the food. (Hussain and Miller 2006; Pickett 2006) (cut this into 3 sentences) Performs this final part make sense? Example Case study will be constructed following the x’mas vacations; this is due to the reality the time just before x’mas is a high season for any eating places.
After the x’mas period they will hopefully’ produce an interview more willingly that i can possess better answer/results. The Case Research will be based over a modern Japanese people restaurants located within the city, where there is a substantial concentration of Japanese oversea organisation not far from. The main focus of the case study will probably be on the knowing of people inside the catering market on some of the ideas which i have pointed out in the newspaper Some stats on the recruiting pattern, try to look for evidence that could support the ideas I have mentioned * And find virtually any points which will go against my own ideas, and find the reasoning in back of the arguments.
This is a self-constructed case study; the aim of this case study is usually to test out some of the findings previously in thisof the daily news. Firstly, will the role of the ethnic restaurants acts as a instrument, or boundaries towards the advancement of multiculturalism., Ssecondly, when level of this kind of in the culture does ethnic restaurants, have most influence towards multiculturalism. The case analyze is carried out in order to test out some of the primary findings in the literature review.
It is based on interviewing and talking together with the different stars in the picked restaurant, this can be a best way to be aware of what distinct actors sees ethnic eating places, questions will incorporate general conception of ethnic restaurant and the relationship with multiculturalisms. Remark of the cafe will also perform an important function in my case study. This is due to the fact that is hard to talk to many different actors from the restaurant, being a high percentage of the actors will be the buyers of the organization, and the interview will be key be done during the operational time of the restaurant.
The conclusions will be initial be analysed? is in the sections, and some with the ideas through the case study will be concluded inside the conclusion section at the end from the paper. Saki Bar and Emporium can be found at Farringdon, at the heart from the city of Greater london. One of the main offering points of the restaurant is always to integrate modern day Japanese technology into the style of the restaurant.
This have got acted among the main attraction to equally Japanese and non-Japanese consumers. Some of such technologies are very common in Japanfor Western customers approaching here, I am hoping that this is likely to make them experience closering to home, and for European customers it is simply a great attraction stage. Manger Director of Saki Ms. Ayako Just like many ethnic restaurants, the staffs are mostly with the same ethnic qualifications.
The kitchen employees in Saki are also the same, most of them will be Japanese, expect for one or two, however , these types of non nativesexceptions can speak fluent Japanese people. The waiting around staffs have a more diversity in terms of cultural background, ranging from Japanese, China, to The spanish language and English language. However , the concentration of Japanese holding out staff even now contributes much more than 50% in the total.
The communication in the kitchen is through the terminology of Western, and the conversation on the floor is usually through English language. Thaned the communication between the floor staff and the home staffs is principally Japanese, hence a ubersetzungsprogramm is often utilized to communicatein the progress commutating to one another. Regarding customers, around 50% with the customers will be Japanese, yet , this is still a very high proportion, as the people of Japanese people in London is comparatively much lower than that.
Is always great to stroll inside a Japanese people Restaurant encircled with Japanese people, this means that the restaurant can’t be too badI much prefer Western chefs, it can be strange having a European cooking Japanese pertaining to me Euro customers of Saki. Intended for customer using a different ethnic background this is certainly an opportunity to learn the culture plus some of the traditional relating to wedding caterers. For example , the greeting with the Japanese culture is very strong. Hence, simply by entering and exiting the restaurant, client can experience the shouting of welcome and thank you in Japanese, which in the western society can be assume being rude.
I always wonder what exactly carry out they say in my opinion when I get into herI guess that is what their culture is. European customer of Saki. This kind of high focus of Western customer could be cause by the cultural loyalty that have been mentioned before, this loyalty can be converted into capital you can use in order for an even more successful cultural based eating places. This traditions loyalty assists the idea that ethnic restaurants works extremely well as a general gathering level for people with similar ethnic qualifications as foodstuff is a culture commodity I haven’t got used to consuming sandwiches to get lunch but, I prefer having rice as part of my mealalso coming in this article sometimes I realize my friends Japanese Consumer of Saki.
To surmise, several of my findings from your literature do relate the truth is. Firstly, ethnic restaurants have got adapted to the changes of the economic structure of the land, and going from quantity into quality dinners. Secondly, in terms of meals in relation to tradition, the general acceptance of the Japanese food culture for Europeans is relatively substantial, for example , the thought of eating organic fish can be general acknowledged. Ethnic restaurants can become a gathering point intended for groups of identical background.
Ethnic restaurants regarding multiculturalism as you expected do enjoy an important part in both as a technique and a barrier. The recruitment design of ethnic restaurant employs the developments of various other ethnic eating places that have been examined in my literary works review, as the kitchen been mainly of staff while using same cultural background, plus the floor recently been a more varied. The culture support is definitely higher than anticipated as the culture dedication was very high in Saki Bar and Emporium. Needlessly to say from the example, it demonstrates ethnic restaurants can be the two a stepping-stone and a barrier in the progression in the multiculturalism, and these two arise simultaneously in fact it is difficult to determine which aspect of the size it tilts.
Depending from which levels and groups a single look into, the result of ethnic restaurants can be determined, on the other hand this will depend on how one particular verify the groups, using a difference approach or an indifference approach towards dissimilarities. Conclusion This kind of paper looked at some of the problems that have been below researched by simply scholars and academicsresearchers through this field; nevertheless there has been a growth of interest of some of the ideas explored with this paper. A lot more scholars are in the process of examining and exploring the idea of the cafe industry regarding issues of culturalism.
The first point to note would be that the idea of the progression of a society towards multiculturalism can be indefinite, it can be still an ideology. As well there a numbernumerous of numerous definitions of the multicultural society, some can argue that you will discover already societies that followssocieties that follow similar characteristics of any multicultural society and via versa. The essence this daily news is to explore some of the problems that are surrounding the cafe industry as opposed to the development of a modern society. Inside the paper I use examined how come the restaurant industry can easily act as a barrier and a tool towards the idea of multiculturalism.
However , the amount of effectiveness of each of those variables never have been reviewed, nevertheless I could conclude that the different factors are working on the issue of multiculturalism simultaneously, operating as a barrier and instrument at the same time. (this sentence doesn’t make sense) However which will way of the total amount restaurants may have on the concept of multiculturalism will be very difficult to measure.; Thisthis is due to the fact that we now have too many several variables both equally internal advertisement external with all the catering sector that can have an effect on the advancement of a modern society. (Reuck, A & Knight, L 1966) In the case study Over the internet out which the recruitment routine of cultural restaurants carry out apply actually, as staff with similar ethnic background is favored not only in the operation in the restaurant, although also it is more appealingpleasing’ forto the customers, as they prefer a place with a bigger concentration of folks in an cultural restaurants. This factor minimizes the langue barrier inside the restaurant; however it also minimizes their skill to speack the English language language.
OneWhich is one of the largest barriers that the foreigner hasve inon another country is definitely, as communicating with people. It is is essential to communicate fluently but in, devoid of this vital skill, especially in the restaurant market, where the working hour is both unsoicalise’ and extended, withhich creates a relatively small social sphere, one can live without this kind of essential interaction skill a lot longer than other vocations. TheWith the recruitment style within the restaurant industry is definitely heavily targeted with the same ethnic history from several reasons, the restaurants sector follows a number of the theories the fact that paper had been explored.
The significant environment of ethnic restaurant act as a barrier due to the staff to merge while using rest of the culture, due to the nature of the operating hours of the industry, with with the high concentration in the ethnic groups, changing fraction to the greater part. This changing from group to vast majority within the office makes the environment of the sector unique. (Bensman, J & Arthur, L 1975) Referring back to the ideology of multiculturalism, possibly depending on which in turn approach one might use to tackle the restaurant sector, by distinctions, or indifferences approach to different. The end result will be different.
Additionally , the level of scale of the issue will also replace the outcome. Such as: an ethnic restaurant can help the advancement of multiculturalism in the wider society, yet at the same time, it works as a obstacle to the progression of multiculturalism in the world created in the working environment. Finally, this section will certainly examine a number of the difficulties took place during the course of the paper, and suggestion of improvement in the event that some of the ideas from this newspaper is to be looked into in the futurerther. Firstly, due to the limited period, and time, some of the suggestions have only been examined on the surface; each sections of the daily news can be looked into in more detail.
For example , because of these limitations, the case examine is only based upon one restaurant; one clear improvement is to look into a more and varied range of ethnic restaurants. This paper looks at only one ethnic group, however ifwith even more restaurants werebeen look into, one can possibly start to discover similarities and differences in several ethnic groupings. This would be a interesting theme to look into as the similarities and difference might or may not follows the culture from the ethnic history. Further more, one of the main difficulties is the limited resources that are available intended for my literary works review exploration that is immediately related to this paper.
Nevertheless , as mentioned before this is a field that is gaining popularity among students and researchers, one can simply imagine the quantity and top quality of the resources are increasing everyday. even more conlusion on the case study Biography Bensman, T & Arthur, J (1975). Metroplitan neighborhoods; new varieties of urban sub-communities. New York, New Viewpoint.
Barrett, G. A., T. P. Jones, ou al. (1996). Ethnic Fraction Business: Assumptive Discourse in Britain and North America. Urban Studies 33: 783-809. Barrett, G. A., Big t. P. Roberts, et al. (2001).
Socio-economic and plan dimensions with the mixed embeddedness of cultural minority organization in The uk. Journal of Cultural and Immigration Studies 28: 241-258. Bruckner, P. (2006). Multiculturalism: Nationalism of the Minorities. Fresh Perspectives Quarterly 23: 23-25.
Collins, M. (2003). Cultural diversity and entrepreneurship: policy responses to immigrant entrepreneurs in Australia. Entrepreneurs.
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