“The only real treasure is in your mind. Memories are superior to diamonds and no-one can take them coming from you”by Rodman Philbrick, The final Book in the Universe.

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If we think about what existence is made up, we can say that remembrances build existence. We save each of the important and happy events that happened in our lives as well as the most unhappy and most detrimental moments. It is said that the mind is the most effective part of humans, but as part of the brain, memory is an essential piece of it.

As I mentioned before, memories build life, every day we put on practice what we have learned and live. I believe that in life we don’t include anything protect but our memories, when we die we don’t take whatever we have at the moment. When we remember happy moments we have live, is actually like re-living them once again and sense the joy we felt at the second.

Memory as the Topic of Psychology Class

I decided to choose the memory as the topic of my Psychology class essay because via a while ago I started to have issues with my memory. At first I believed it was because of the complications that I was going through at the time, and also preparing for university. Time handed and I still was having trouble with knowing how stuff, I came to think it was a hereditary health problem because my dad and grandma never bear in mind something. I feel frustrated because without a memory is like we never have existed, we constantly survive through memories. Keeping in mind what we have gone through and manage to take a positive frame of mind even if the memory brings us negative emotions.

In this essay I will cover particular topics regarding the memory space which is “the retention of information or experience after some time as the result of three important processes: development, storage, and retrieval”, in respect to Laura A. King in Experience Psychology. Through the entire essay I will certainly discuss the essential memory procedure, also I will talk about different stages of memory as well as the different types of memory, along with the details of when the memory falls flat (forgetting). In my opinion these 3 subjects are extremely essential portion to understand how the memory works and find the reason of why we forget things, which is my case. Yet also relate these matters to our daily lives. To begin with, I will explain the procedure of memory so later on I can easily discuss the several possibilities of why we forget.

The first thing in the method of memory is called encoding which will is the finalizing information in to memory appropriately to a Sparknotes content, Memory. For instance, we might remember where we ate in the morning even if we didn’t try knowing how it but in the contrary it is possible that we are going to be able to remember the fabric in textbooks we covered during elementary school, high school or even more recent in college. It is stated that in the procedure of memory encoding, we have to pay attention to the information so we can later call to mind all the information. In the content of Memory, the second step in memory procedure is storage, the retention of information over time and just how this information is represented in memory (King). In this process is often utilize the Atkinson-Shiffrin theory that is made up of three independent systems: sensory memory- time frames of a fraction of a second to several secs, short-term memory- time frames up to 30 seconds and long lasting memory- time frames up to life period (King). Another and previous step of this course is memory retrieval, the procedure of information escaping . of storage.

Physical or Immediate Memory

Similarly, I will describe the 1st stage of memory called sensory memory or immediate memory. As stated in Experience Psychology, the sensory memory contains information in the world in its original sensory form to get only an instant, not much much longer that a brief time. In this stage of memory the “five” senses are being used to hold the info accurately. In Sensory Memory by Luke Mastin, the stimulus that is detected by our senses features two alternatives, it can both be ignored meaning it would go away at the instance or it can be perceived staying in our memory. As I mentioned before, the senses are utilized in the physical memory level and have their very own specific term for example when we perceived the data through our vision it is called iconic recollection also referenced as visual physical memory. The enduring memory retains an image just for about ¼ of a second. Not merely but as well, we also have echoic memory space which makes reference to auditory sensory memory, this kind of function is in charge to hold part of what we listen/hear.

For instance, when the professor is dictating a subject, we are trying to write fast so we can hold on all the information given at the instant and not forget what the mentor said. An additional stage of memory is called the short-term memory (STM), in accordance to a web document Short-Term Memory space, of Luke Bastin, the short-term memory is responsible for holding information in the short term and identifying if it will be dismissed or transferred on to our third stage called long lasting memory. Immediate memory occasionally is associated with working memory space, which is a newer concept which the British psychologist Alan Baddeley came up with. Although working memory stresses in the brain’s manipulation and just how it collects details so we can quickly make decisions as well resolve problems and mostly be familiar with information. It said that the working memory is not as passive as the short-term memory space but both have limited capacity to retained data. Additionally to this stage, we have the locating of George Burns which had written in his book called The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two. In this publication Miller talks about two several situations. The first kind of situation is called absolute common sense which claims that a person should correctly differentiate between very similar products such as shades of green and high/low-pitched hues.

Short-Term Recollection

The second scenario states that a person must recall products presented in a sequence, meaning that a person must retain certain amount of chunks in their short-term storage. King also mentions that to improve immediate memory we consider two ways of doing it, chunking and rehearsal. In accordance to King, chunking involves collection or packing info that exceeds the six ± 2 memory span in to higher-order products that can be remembered as single units. For example , if the professor is dictating a list of things like: cool, water, o2, air, rainfall and snow, we are probably able to recall all words or even better all 6 words rather of having a list like: S IXFL AGSG REATA MERI CA. When we have a list like that it will be harder to remember it because non-e of the six piece words seem sensible, but if we re-chunk the words we get “Six Flags Wonderful America”, which way we have better possibility to remember it. The second way to improve our immediate memory is by rehearsal, actually you will discover two types of rehearsal, maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehearsal. Repair rehearsal is the repeating of things over and over; generally we use this manner of rehearsal. In the other hand, we have the elaborative rehearsal which usually is the arranging, thinking about, and linking fresh material to existing memories.

Long-Term Memory

Continuous with the stages of memory, now I will speak about the third stage which is the long-term storage. In the document, What Is Long-Term Memory? by Kendra Cherry, long-term memory (LTM) refers to the continuing storage space of information. In difference of the other two phases of memory, LTM memories can last for a couple of days to as long as many years. LTM is divided into types of memory, declarative (explicit) memory and procedural (implicit) memory. Later on on I will explain in detail what are the two of these types of memory. Now that I have gone throughout the three periods of memory that happen to be sensory memory space, short-term memory space and long term memory, I will discuss different types of memory. The different types of memory count on the long lasting memory section, the first type of memory that I will certainly talk about is explicit memory sometimes known as declarative recollection. This type of memory “is the mindful recollection of information, such as specific facts and events and, at least in humans, information that could be verbally communicated” (Tulving 1989, 2000).

Declarative (Explicit) Memory space

Some examples the moment we use our explicit storage is when we try to remember our phone number, composing a research conventional paper or recalling what time and date is our appointment with our doctor. It said that this method type of memory is one of the most employed in our daily lives, as we constant remember the duties that we have to do in our day. In another article by Kendra Cherry wood called Acted and Precise Memory, Two Types of Long-Term Memory space, informs us regarding two key subtypes that falls in the explicit storage. One is called episodic recollections which are thoughts of specific episodes of our existence such as our high school college graduation, our initial date, the senior promenade and so on. The second subsystem of explicit recollection is the semantic memory; this kind of memory is in charge to recall certain factual info like labels, ideas, seasons, days of the month, date ranges, etc . I can easily bear in mind my quienceañera party, it was May 24, 2008, at this exact moment I can recollect what was the first thing I did when I woke up that and also what I did prior to sleeping but there are shows on that day that I’m not able to remember.

Procedural (Implicit) Memory

Moreover, I will talk about the second type of memory which in turn is implicit memory space. Stated by King, implicit recollection is the memory which habit is affected by prior experience with out a conscious recollection of that encounter, in other words and phrases things we remember and do without thinking about these people. Some examples of our implicit thoughts are driving a car a car, inputting on a keyboard, combing our teeth, and singing a familiar music. Within the acted memory we have three subtypes; the first one is the procedural memory that in respect to King is a type of implicit memory process that involves memory intended for skills. The procedural memory space process fundamentally is the primary base of the implicit memory space, since most of us without conscious thought do many issues throughout the day, like I mentioned before generating a car or simply dress ourself to go to school, function or wherever we have to go.

The other substype of implicit storage is the classical conditioning that involves learning a new behavior with the process of association, it is said that two stimuli are linked together to produce a new discovered response. As an example, phobias will be a classical fitness as the Very little Albert Test result was. I personally Now i’m more than afraid to spiders, in other words my phobia is called arachnophobia which can be control and learn to overcome the fear and anxiety it gives me every time I see a spider or even think about a spider. The very last subsystem of the implicit memory process is the priming, Nobleman states that priming is the activation of information that people currently have in storage to help them keep in mind new info better and faster. Priming it is sometimes known as recognition memory space; an example of priming is when very little kids are learning hues, they connect two things this kind of as apple and color crimson. To learn the red color they may remember the apple and it would be easier for them. Furthermore, I will talk about what I think is the essential part00 of my essay that is forgetting.


As I said at beginning of my essay I have noticed difficulties with my memory, I forget simple things. As an example, in daily angles my mom gives me a message to give my dad or sisters or just demands me to do something on her behalf, I say yes I will do it but later on I totally ignore. Before currently taking this class, I believe the fact that reason I neglect things, it is because I’m sidetracked at the time and didn’t paid out attention so that’s why after I’m not able to remember it. Right now that I took the class and researched the topic I discovered reasons of why we forget points, one cause is the collection failure, that is the failing process of accessing stored recollections. It is what we do when we have tests; we try to remember what we have learned/study and we just no longer remember anything. Within the retrieval failure we have what is called interference theory, it is the theory that people neglect not because memories happen to be lost coming from storage nevertheless because additional information gets in the way of what they want to remember (King).

You will find two sorts of interference that may be a possible cause of forgetting, happen to be is called proactive and retroactive. In the positive interference occurs when the current details is lost since it is mixed up with previously discovered, similar information. This happens to me when I make an effort to study two different subject matter right after one more, I get uncertain of both subjects and sometimes I even stop studying since I’m unable to focus and understand the material. The second type of retroactive interference is when the brand new information decreases the old information memories, an example of it is when at jobs we learned a new task yet forget older tasks.

Moving forward, we have one more possible cause of forgetting is called decay theory. In another document by Kendra Cherry wood, Explanations pertaining to Forgetting, Reasons why We Forget, corrosion theory is a memory trace that is created each time a new theory is formed. The only problem is that over time this trace disappears. The inability to store is also a possible cause that causes us to forget, this kind of is because coding failures at times prevent details from going into long-term recollection (Cherry). In conclusion, I believe that one of the many essential component of the brain is our storage. We can have billions of dollars and buy whatever we want although at the end the only thing we are taking of us is what we have live (memories). We need thoughts in our lifestyle not just to drive from A place to B place or to get the right answer to pass an exam but to remember whom we are and what people we have by our area. To revive all of the moments we encounter happiness and in many cases sadness, “memory is a way of holding onto the things you love, the items you will be, the things you never desire to lose” from the television show The Wonder Year.

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