What happens to Marcus Licinius Crassus & Pompey after the servant rebels of Spartacus?

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12 months after, they are elected consuls. Pompey as well leads armed service campaigns inside the East and defeats King Mithridates of Pontus in 63 BCE

Who was Cicero?

Having been born in 106, when compared to Caesar in 100. Having been born in Arpinium and comes of no particularly noble backdrop. Like Marius, he is a “new man self-made

Who are definitely the two “new men?

Marius, the general who had been exiled by simply Sulla, and today Cicero.

What professions performed Cicero attain?

He studied in Rome and Athens, and became a well-known orator & lawyer simply by defending/prosecuting the rich and famous. He becomes quaestor, aedile, praetor, and his following goal can be consul.

Candidates pertaining to the 63 BCE consulship (3): two are patrician, one is not really

1) Gaius Antonius Hybrida

2) Lucius Sergius Catilina (important)

3) Marcus Tullius Cicero (important)

How do Hybrida and Cataline campaign?

They plan in places that they should earn because they are patrician, as opposed to Cicero who was certainly not.

Exactly what the results of the campaigns?

Antonius directly beats Catiline and Cicero wins as the leading number ” the consulship that year was decided.

In 63 BCE, work of pontifex maximus leads to and whom claims this?

Gaius Julius Caesar advertisments and éléments his method up to win election because the chief clergyman of the town.

Why does Catiline need to run once again to again for consulship in 62 BCE? (3 reasons)

1) Great debts amassed in family and consequently no dependability

2) No personal prospects, simply because lacked cash

3) He was just an ambitious guy

Catiline him self was jeopardizing bankruptcy in order to distribute pièce, so dropping would be TERRIBRU

What was Catiline’s campaign platform?

He believed he championed the cause of those who were poor (like scammers and reprobates): “cancellation of debts and redistribution of land! 

What passions were Catiline prone to that built him seem like a bad person?

He was incredibly lustful ” he had anything with a first of respectable rank, a priestess of Vesta, and Aurelia Orestilla whom “no good gentleman ever commended anything save her beauty. He was a horny little bastard.

What did Cataline coordinate after burning off consulship?

Top secret meetings were held in Ancient rome, people achieved secretly at nighttime at certain houses of noble “>poor citizens to plot up against the State to be able to overthrow the us government.

The fact that was Cataline’s greatest plan with organizing his conspiracy?

This individual planned to arrange an army outside of the city in Etruria, to the north ” with this army, he planned to kill the senators, burn the city, then move north join the army in Etruria

When and What does Cicero initially do when he discovers about the conspiracy?

Oct 63, Cicero passes a great SCU (Senatus Consultum Ultimum) and authorizes himself to complete what is required to ensure that the Republic comes to no harm

How much does Catiline plan to do in November?

In Nov 7, Catiline planned on murdering Cicero with his conspirators. Nevertheless , Cicero was informed and placed bodyguards outside his house.

What happens on November almost eight, the day after Cicero was prepared to be killed by Catiline?

Cicero convenes the Senate to meet with the Temple of Jupiter Stator (“who stops) and notifies them from the conspiracy ” Catiline himself is present.

First Catilinarian Oration sama dengan

Cicero’s conversation where he denounces Catiline as being a conspirator and enemy of his fatherland. Catiline flees to join the army in Etruria

Second Catilinarian Oration =

November 9, Cicero offers the Second Oration to the someones assembly

Third Catilinarian Oration =

December three or more, Cicero gives the Third Oration to the householder’s assembly ” reveals there is written proof of conspiracy

How would written proof of Catiline’s conspiracy theory fall into Cicero’s hands?

Catiline and his supporters arranged to get the Gauls to join in and attack Ancient rome ” words were blocked and taken to Cicero. five of Catiline’s associates were arrested, however, not Catiline himself

Tullianum/Carcer =

A jail cellular where criminals were held efore execution ” these were lowered via an opening in the lower dungeon, really awful conditions

Fourth Catilinarian Oration =

December 5, Cicero offers Oration to the Senate and argues which the prisoners must be executed with out a trial

The two “sides of the controversy of Cicero’s Fourth Oration

1) Senate opposed fatality penalty, along with Julius Caesar and want relégation

2) Cato and Cicero want death penalty

The results of the debate for the fourth oration

Cicero does the executions personally simply by strangulation, and he is announced FATHER IN THE COUNTRY (pater patriae)

Reactions of Catiline’s supporters after the next oration’s activities were sent:

Catiline’s army in the north had previously diminished, because the military fled once news propagate about the punishment in Rome. The conspirators had been caught between two Both roman armies and died in battle along with Catiline

Pater patriae sama dengan

Father of the country

Catiline’s Heritage (4 things):

1) He wasn’t because bad as a guy as Cicero portrayed it, when it was his individual perspective 2) Catiline perished an professional death: “he was discovered far away via his very own soldiers among the corpses of his adversaries. 

3) Cicero later admits that Catiline was “enigmatic, people clearly found features they loved and therefore followed him.

4) Catiline’s platform wasn’t that not the same as Gracchi who also wanted change ” compared by the senators staunchly

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Category: Law,

Topic: Ancient rome,

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