Year first Semester Study course: MEDIA IN CHINA [pic] TOPIC: CHINA’S RELATIONS WITH AFRICAN COUNTRIES: STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE (CASE OF MADAGASCAR) STU. NAME: RANDRIANASOLO Fenolanto Salome STU. NUMBER CLASS UNIVERSITY LECTUERER: MENTOR LUO QING GRADE: Master CHINA’S CONTACT WITH PHOTOGRAPHY EQUIPMENT COUNTRIES: TACTICAL PERSPECTIVE (CASE OF MADAGASCAR) INTRODUCTION In recent decades, when China may ignore other countries, different countries are not able to ignore Chinese suppliers.
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It is beginning play a progressively more important role in many areas just like economics, personal, and socio-cultural. This is a great new increasing power at the start of the 21st century.
This forceful growth of Cina has produced significant debates among policymakers, scholars and business market leaders on a quantity of levels. China is now building relationships in several countries especially in Africa. There are a number of connections between Cina and African states current decades. This paper seeks to understand this recent move in China’s relation with African countries such as Madagascar.
Historical Background In 1955: 29 Photography equipment and Oriental states make the “Third world to strengthen its bottom in The african continent and Asia; Since 60s:.
The Chinese leader Mao supported the African independences. China and tiawan supports the ambassadors from the emerging countries against Traditional western interference inside their internal affairs at the Un. In 1978: Deng Xiaoping chose to open the Chinese economic climate by developing a new kind of socialism; Considering that the 1990: Photography equipment economies include opened up intended for the Cookware powers including China; Chinese suppliers becomes the spokesperson to get developing countries within the WTO (world trade organization)
Relationship China-Madagascar: China has become progressively active on photography equipment in recent years and this activity provides drawn the interest of scholars and journalists, and the like. Diplomatic Relations: Madagascar and China established diplomatic relations November 6, 1972 and bilateral relationships between the two countries always consolidate, develop and to reinforce since. Because the establishment of diplomatic relationships between the two countries in 1972, their marriage and co-operation in the economical, commercial and various increase without ceasing.
In recent years, the leaders of both countries attach great importance the introduction of relations and exchanges of high-level maximize, which gives great impetus to the rapid advancement bilateral relations of a friendly relationship and Malagasy cooperation. The Minister of Foreign Affairs established the first diplomatic relations between China and Madagascar through the transition (1972-1975); The celebration of the 40th anniversary of diplomatic marriage between Chinese suppliers and Madagascar held about 6th Nov 2012.
Several high Malagasy personalities stopped at China considering that the 1990s such as the President in the Republic Albert ZAFY in 1994; Madagascar President Marc RAVALOMANANA arrived in Beijing in 2008. During the current transition period, Minister plenipotentiary of China and tiawan Shen Yongxiang has presented his credentials to the Head of Point out Andrinirina RAJOELINA. Several high Chinese market leaders such as the Leader of the Countrywide People’s Congress Chen Muhua; the Second Primary Minister Jiang Chungun as well as the Vice President with the Republic Hu Jintao was visited Madagascar.
Economic Associations: If China’s economic fat is believed in Africa countries, particularly Madagascar by simply its industrial dynamism, the nation begins to always be an investor certainly not negligible. As 2005, the partnership negotiating between Madagascar and Chinese suppliers have continuing to increase. For example , the organization of a concrete factory, the construction of a large five star resort by a Chinese language group, the near future construction of the hospital. And in many cases well before 12 months 2005, purchase in China and tiawan has already got its put in place the economy, be it in the industry “trade.
China is the largest partner of Madagascar in terms of imports; 95% of products from Madagascar enjoy the Chinese treatment tariff exemption; The contract of economical and specialized cooperation among China and Madagascar was signed 5 years ago. Several Chinese language companies purchasing Madagascar in the infrastructure, strength, the fermage of petrol and raw materials. Bilateral assistance in the monetary and industrial widens frequently rapidly increasing bilateral transact, investment initiates theday and exchanges in cultural, educational and human being intensify.
The consultations involving the two countries in worldwide affairs strengthen more. Cultural Relation: During 40 years of partnership, China and tiawan has supplied more than 350 scholarships and has skilled more than 860 government representatives and journalist. CONFUCIUS Institutes were established in three provinces with the Big Tropical isle. Impact and perspective: The Chinese existence opens a new perspective pertaining to developing countries and this presents a lot more choices with regards to policy and developing version. It enables exploitation of natural methods with bigger prices of raw materials and facilitates usage of international help.
It helps bring about the diversification of expense, a new nature based on the expression win-win more desirable. China’s progress is pressing up global demand and thereforethe selling price of items exported simply by African countries. In addition , Cina has become the key partner of several Photography equipment countries: it provides cheaper manufactured goods and reduces their particular dependence on their very own ways classic trading partners. In the case of Madagascar, the local marketplace is still bad in that 20% of the population live in urban areas and in this context, the abundance of Chinese goods (food, textiles, toys, shoes and boots, appliances, ¦ Markets Community penalizes community industries to the extent the price of Chinese goods is well below the cost of local industrial sectors and supply is usually abundant. The competitiveness of local industrial sectors is low compared to the value of a item Chinese which includes textiles and food products. Inside the Capital Antananarivo, expansion and Chinese dominance, superiority can be assessed via the fast development of a shopping center Behoririka (name of district) in the middle Capital in the picture of Chinatown. Added to this is the progress restorations.
Yet , these imports improve the health and wellness of people because price client goods supply by china manufacturer are inside the powers of purchases inhabitants. The development of these firms creates careers but the income level remains to be insufficient when compared to level of salary in the exclusive sector in Madagascar. Chinese competition as well exerts downwards pressure on the cost of purchase. Chinese tools (transport, agriculture) is very inexpensive an alternative to top quality goods. Yet , the duration of the equipment is definitely not long compared to the same kind of equipment via Europe.
China growth can boost African exports but actually will also increase movements. China exposed its marketplace by treating preferential contract price least developed countries, although this has not yet been impacted upon African export products. In the case of Madagascar, export towards the China is still insufficient in comparison to the values? of imports and has been a 10 years. This enhances the trade shortage Malagasy and could undermine the external reserves position with the Central Financial institution of Madagascar. If European countries the main foreign trade destination via Madagascar, China still relatively low and represents 2 . 2%.
When it comes to trade among China and Madagascar, relationships become significantly important during the last decade. Current trends regional trade confirmed a significant increase and the value of constant imports from China, and a modest embrace export export products Madagascar to China. Changes in imports and exports of Madagascar with China do not evolve perfectly rate, leading to an discrepancy of operate. The exchanges are clearly in favor of Cina. CONCLUSION In other words cooperation with China is mutually beneficial and China provides promoted the cultural development in Madagascar.
Projects underway in Madagascar, which entail Chinese help, are also incredibly visible. With regards to foreign direct investment, the weight of Chinese investors is certainly not negligible and is also around 10%. The majority of Oriental capital via Hong Kong. Chinese companies are among the list of providers of jobs in Madagascar. If the contribution of Italy in the capital is very dominating in Madagascar, China’s engagement has increased simply by 0. 8% to twelve. 9% within the same period and provides a negative effect on the circumstance in France.
This attests to the fortifying of the situation China and offset somewhat the impact of French colonization of the current situation. The friendly assistance in the field of education, health and trade, have paid for remarkable fruits. We think that with the rule of shared benefit, co-operation between Cina and Madagascar will have a bright upcoming. REFERENCES ¢ http://www. bbc. co. uk/news/world-africa-13864364 ¢ http://www. irinnews. org/Madagascar ¢ http://www. state. gov/p/af/ci/ma/ ¢ data file: ///F: /feed%20back%20de%2040%20ans. htm ¢ file: ///F: /CCTV%20mirrroir%20d%20afrik%20frappe%20chinoise. htm file: ///F: /mada%20chine%202. htm ¢ http://www. xinhuanet. com/english/home. htm ¢ Perspectives economiques en Continent. OCDE. 06\ ¢ Strategy cadre dieses Nations Unies pour l’assistance au developpement (UNDAF) Madagascar 2008-2011. Systeme des Countries Unies. Juin 2007 ¢ Rapport Countrywide sur votre Developpement Humain Madagascar 2006: Les solutions de l’information et de la communication ain developpement humain. PNUD. Avril 2007 ¢ Les echanges entre la Chine ain L’Afrique: Condition actuelle, viewpoints et resources pour l’analyse, Jean Raphael Chaponniere, STATECO N100, 06\.
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