Car Accident, Realistic Choice Theory, Personal Responsibility, Personality Evaluation

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However , it really is more reassuring to think we as persons have control of our health and will prevent illness through personal responsibility. Therefore we have no responsibility to increase greater health-related coverage in front of large audiences who do not have insurance since presumably they may have not ‘worked hard’ enough to deserve such a benefit.

Question two

Instinctively it may seem as if “the higher the cohesiveness or solidarity of a group, the better its decisions will be. inches Common sense shows that cohesiveness produces a greater sense of agreement and unification. It is better to enforce a conclusion that is manufactured in a unified manner. Nevertheless the problem with unification is the trend known as ‘groupthink’ or the assumption that if the other members of the group believe something is proper, than it can be correct.

Individuals are interpersonal animals, as well as the need to you should others also to receive support is hard-wired into the man psyche. Furthermore, it can be very hard to imagine others are wrong, in case you believe you are correct even upon factual concerns: one study of the group located that, when ever shown two obviously different-sized lines, people still maintained to believe planted confederates in the room in spite of this the two lines were similar. The risks of groupthink boost tremendously with an increase of subjective decisions.

Groupthink boosts exponentially when individuals are of similar skills, and of the same culture. That makes it easier to have a sense of insulation in the rest of the world, and to judge others in a quick and uncritical vogue. The group’s decisions seem to be supremely rational because no one with a different opinion is present to challenge such rationality, and the occurrence of other like-minded people creates a great illusion of invincibility and unanimity (What is groupthink, 2010, PSYSR). However , if the group had been exposed to issues and other opinions, this false impression would be broken – and a better, more informed decision might be produced.

Groupthink is often seen in the military or other businesses with firmly cohesive decision-making protocols and rigid hierarchies. Groupthink is normally cited among the reasons that lots of major overseas policy disasters have occurred over the course of the history states. During the Vietnam War, rather than critically examining the individual specifics of the discord, the ‘domino theory’ of communism was assumed to get true, universally, for all countries undergoing city conflicts. The pressure of obtaining to make split-second or high-stress decisions, as frequently occurs inside the military or perhaps politics, can further trigger members of the group to copy one another’s illogical and ill-informed patterns of thinking.

Groupthink was recently seen in the years of subprime lending that occurred during the housing bubble, before the 2009 market meltdown. Many possess since asked how fiscally astute individuals could believe the economical bubble would never pop, and just how it could possibly could have seemed like a good idea to lend big bucks to individuals with questionable credit histories. Nevertheless , because everyone within the sector was accomplishing this, it was believed to be ‘okay. ‘ The similarity of background and cohesiveness of view and activities created a reproducing pattern of bad decision-making. No one planned to be ‘left out’ of the ability to generate income, and questioning the assumptions that provided rise for the housing bubble seemed foolishly cautious or perhaps paranoid. A hermetically covered cultural bubble of a ring of intimates invariably monitors out distressing information.

References

Fundamental remise error. Changing Minds. Retrieved April 14, 2010 at http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/fundamental_attribution_error.htm

What is groupthink? PSYSR. Retrieved 04 11, 2010 at http://www.psysr.org/about/pubs_resources/groupthink%20overview.htm

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