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Western and non-Western cultures Essay

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Relationships take place all over the world, and thus some people may well assume that they are the same. Actually this is not authentic, and it is a mistake of specialists to make a theory for European cultures and then generalise that to match the rest of the world. Cultures fluctuate in many different ways; for example , european cultures often choose who have they marry, whereas no western nationalities may include arranged partnerships.

Also you will find the issue of attitudes toward love, because they change. Another way through which relationships differ is in terms of individualistic and collectivist. Individualistic usually be depending on individuals in society whom are independent and don’t rely on someone else, for example in the us or the UK. Collectivist societies emphasise the value of working together to achieve things.

A lot of research has been done into cultural differences in relationships. Levine et ing (1995) viewed the necessity of passionate love in various cultures in marriages. They will conducted the study in 10 different countries, including Pakistan, Brazil, South america, Australia, England and the USA.

They identified a positive relationship between just how individualistic a society is definitely and perceived necessity of take pleasure in in a marital life. This means that associates in individualistic societies perceived love because more important in a marriage than patients in collectivist societies. However , this study can be rebuked because even though it was carried out in 11 countries, that still didn’t take into account of some other countries not really tested inside the experiment. Hence the findings may not be generalised towards the whole human population, as other countries might have been different. Levine’s study maintained a study simply by Dion and Dion (1988).

They questioned college students coming from 11 countries. They were asked, If a person or a girl had all of the qualities you desired, would you marry these people, even if you weren’t in take pleasure in? All those from individualistic societies mentioned that love was essential. This shows that those via individualistic societies see love as more important in a relationship than those from collectivist societies.

However , this kind of research is lacking in validity due to sample group. It was simply undertaken in college students, and so the results are not representative of everyone cannot be generalised to older people. If the experiment had been taken on on seniors, the effects may have been diverse because they have different views on relationships and love for example , they might see appreciate in the long term whereas younger persons see it for a while. Also, the question may have got led to experimenter bias and then the participants may well have lied to you and so the results are not dependable. It is also an artificial problem, as if a person would have all the qualities you desired, the probability of you not becoming in love with choices small; therefore it lacks exterior validity.

Yelsma and Athappily (1988) investigated into the difference in delight of the couples in possibly arranged or perhaps love relationships. They in comparison Indian arranged marriages with Indian and North American like marriages and they found no difference inside the amount of happiness. Nevertheless , this was only based on two cultures, India and North America, and therefore cannot be generalised to the rest of the population. This examine is weakened by Razor, Wu and Swartz (1991) who located that most Chinese people linked romantic take pleasure in with sadness, pain and unfulfilled devotion. The Western view of marriage is that it should be based upon love.

This is probably due to the fact that Chinese marriages are mainly arranged so they don’t get to pick their partners and be with the individual that they want to be with. This research can be rebuked because it was only based upon one collectivist society, but not all collectivist societies act the same. For instance , not all collectivist societies have arranged relationships so additional countries may a more comfortable view of love. Therefore the results cannot be generalised to countries outside of China and tiawan. A general critique of all of the studies mentioned is that they use prejudiced sample groupings, for example , simply students.

Target (1986) located that learners react in different ways to various other sections of the people when playing psychological study, so the effects cannot be generalised to the whole population. There is also an observer bias showing how the experimenter interprets data. This is because it can be based on the experimenter’s individual culture, by way of example in The united kingdom female circumcision is seen as incorrect but in other areas of the world it is seen as important.

Finally, emotional tools used to measure persons such as IQ tests and questionnaires regarding relationships are designed for one tradition, and therefore the same questions and tests may not apply to various other cultures or they may will vary meanings.