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Smart Water sources and Feeding System is a software and equipment both application designed by looking at basic needs that are necessary in digital agriculture program. This system can easily automatically irrigates, fertilized, infestations control which will reduces expense, labor, save energy and environment. Additionally, it can be capable to communicate with users via wireless communications and also users can control system via google android apps. Wise Irrigation and Fertilization project is especially suitable for the poor maqui berry farmers.
Keywords: agricultural, automatically-irrigations, automatically-fertilizations.
The continuous raising demand of food requires the speedy improvement in food production technology of any country like Bangladesh, where economy is mainly based on agriculture and the climatic conditions are isotropic, still our company is not able to take advantage of agricultural resources. Moreover, all of us misuse of varied kinds of farming elements and pollute the planet continuously. The primary reason is the insufficient knowledge scarcity of area reservoir drinking water. The continuous extraction of water via earth is usually reducing water level because of which wide range of land is definitely coming slowly in the specific zones of un-irrigated land. One other very important explanation of this is because of unplanned usage of water and fertilizer because of which a tremendous amount of water and fertilizer would go to waste and also decrease the virility of the ground.
Bangladesh is a great agricultural nation. Here mainly 70% individuals are indirectly connected to the farming system, which in turn most of them are very poor. Essential we are making an automatic system for the farmers which reduce their cost and time and boost their life styles.
Smart Irrigation and Feeding System (SIFS) are an emerging technology intended for adjusting Irrigation and Fertilization Applications based on actual weather condition and ground conditions. The idea of the changing irrigation and fertilization program to meet current climate and weather conditions is as old because irrigated agriculture. The technology to control irrigation and feeding application automatically has been incorporated into large-scale industrial systems for a while, but is relatively new to the residential and small commercial sectors. In the last few years the amount of smart control products on the market has increased dramatically with different suppliers opting for several control technology solutions.
Our task based on hardware and software both. And it’s works quickly to irrigating and fertilizing for plants. Had sensors to read the soil moisture and components of weather, system automatically start off the water pump once water can be low by based on dampness value. And in addition automatically stop the pump when water is enough. It can give fertilizer in the field automatically after a fixed period.
Features of Wise Irrigation and Fertilization Systems: –
Irrigations We utilized a ground moisture sensor to read the soil regularly to get the suggestions. This Dirt Moisture Messfühler (SMS) utilized to detect the moisture of soil or judge if you have water throughout the sensor. They could be very easy to use, just put it into the soil and then read this. With the help of this sensor, will probably be realizable to make the plant point out to the system when ever will be pump ON or OFF.
Fertilizations Also, we will set software for the various crops. And system are certain to get the input from Real Time Clock (RTC) module. When ever will be most fortunate time then system will make the liquid fertilizer at first, it will give by simply water machine.
Water sources of vegetation is usually a incredibly time-consuming activity, to be done in a reasonable timeframe, it requires a lot of human resources. Typically, all the measures were performed by humans. Nowadays, some systems employ technology to lower the number of workers or the period required to water the plant life. With these kinds of systems, the control is incredibly limited, and lots of resources are still wasted.
Water is usually one of these assets that are used excessively. Mass irrigation is one method used to water the plant. This process represents significant losses because the amount of water given is in more than the plant’s needs.
And a different one is appropriate fertilization. Seeing that our farmers can’t measure the accurate requires of garden soil or wrong use of fertilizer in the areas even is actually not need for this to increase more vegetation. As a result their production cost increase day by day and dirty our environment quickly. So we really need a technology to measure accurately with according period.
SIFS is an automated system which will helps the farmers to handle the water sources and fertilization system together with the modern technology. To minimize the cost of labors and to deal with waste of water and fertilizer it can benefit effectively.
Scope of the Project
The aim of the current job was to demonstrate a total SIFS which is brilliant, flexible, straightforward but exact irrigation booking system in a affordable price that usually takes advantages of latest technological advancements in wifi networking, environmental sensors and improvements in crop modeling.
SYSTEM DESIGN AND SETUP
Hardware and software requirements:
The program has several major parts, sensing component, control section, communication section and the end result section. The soil humidness was discovered using YL-69 soil sensor (a resistance type sensor). The control unit was achieved applying ATMega1280 microcontroller based on Arduino platform. The output was the control unit was used to control the irrigation system by turning it off and on depending on the ground moisture contents. Two stages of design were carried out, hardware and software.
The TEXT (YL-69) used is a amount of resistance sensor type. Its output is the amount of resistance in the dirt between the two SMS vertueux. The acquired graph is usually an rapid one. The cost of the ground resistance reduces with embrace water happy to a certain level.
To create the results the three soils were dried using a frying pan right up until all the water content was lost. two hundred fifty grams was measured pertaining to the reddish soil, dark-colored soil as well as the sand soil. Water was added at suitable intervals of 25cm3 and messfühler value recorded.
The value of soil messfühler at dried out soil was almost equal for three soils in 1021, 1022, 1020 intended for black dirt, sand dirt and red soil correspondingly. On adding 50cm3 the resistance value reduced substantially to the variety of 500. About adding more water the level of resistance value held reducing. For around 100cm3 of normal water the lowering on the dirt resistance stated reducing in a much reduced rate. This is due to at this point the soil is currently becoming over loaded with water and thus adding more water provides a small effect on the garden soil resistance.
The messfühler was calibrated and 3 states defined. The claims are soggy, moist and dry. When the dry state was obtained the control unit (micro controller) made the water pump in via a relay circuit. Three states were indicated applying three several LEDs and an LCD. The LCD also suggested when the pump was jogging. The control circuit as well as the sensor signal were run using a 9V alkaline battery pack which was linked via a voltage regulator with an outcome of 5V
Finally we executed a system which is to monitor the moisture levels in the dirt and to place the fertilizer. The device was used to switch ON/OFF the watering pump according to the ground moisture amounts. Also it will certainly put the fertilizers in the soil by depending on the time routine and crops need. The control unit prototype was implemented by using a microcontroller upon Arduino program while the realizing bit was implemented utilizing a soil wetness sensor (sensor model).
Here, we all used an LCD display to implement the display from the soil declares like saturated soil, wet soil plus the dry ground states. Also have five LEDs to indicate the status of system and pump can be ON or OFF. Relay switching signal was used to switch between the control and the SIFS (Smart Irrigation and Feeding System).
To start with we would like to pay the heartiest honor to Almighty Allah to give us the scope intended for successful completion of our operate. Interdependence is unquestionably more important than freedom. We have been accompanied and maintained our family and friends. Just for this, we would like to pay the love and respect to them. We want to express each of our heartfelt gratitude and thanks to our decent supervisor, Maryland Ataullah Bhuiyan, Lecturer and co-supervisor Muhammad Muksitur Rahman Nabil lecturer Department of Computer Scientific research Engineering, Town University Bangladesh, We would also like to thank Professor Doctor Md. Matiur Rahman Mian, Dean, Teachers of Research and Architectural and associate professor Maryland. Safaet Hossain, Head of the department, Department of Computer Science Executive, for their countless support.. We are grateful to all or any other individual teachers of Department of Computer Scientific research Engineering, City University, for his or her valuable recommendations and ideas. We are also thankful for the laboratory personnel of CSE department for their co-operation and amiable patterns.
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