Nursing jobs Theorist, John Armstrong, Copd, Florence Nightingale

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Nursing Education Assessment Job

Coursework early on in a breastfeeding education software covers a diverse range of matters and intensive amount of details must be committed to memory. Assessments which can be directly associated with coursework will be primarily conformative assessments, which in turn demonstrate the ongoing learning in the period of the course. Formative assessments generally take the form of quizzes and clinical demos of a particular knowledge arranged recently protected in within a class or perhaps classes. Summative assessments are usually used at the conclusion of a training course to assess the entire learning which includes taken place throughout the course; summative assessments consist of final examinations or assessments, practicum demos, and capstone projects.

Major of this assessment project can be described as formative criterion-referenced test of general, critical nursing education knowledge. The items used in quality are contained in Appendix A – Medical Education – Fundamental Concepts. Twelve persons were acknowledged to take test as though it absolutely was an actual evaluation of their know-how, and of the twelve prospects, ten people agree to complete the exam. The general exam is advantageous for students to gauge all their learning and recall of basic ideas acquired through the early period of their system. A collection of complete tests at this and more advanced levels is a basis for preparing for state panel exams. The results in the examination to get the 10 individuals are proven in mixture form under.

Planning and Development

To travel to a comprehensive evaluation of simple nursing concepts, the planning and development procedure addressed a number of common areas in breastfeeding education. The objective was to achieve a balance of question products across several different areas of the fundamental nursing expertise base. Many different resources had been used to reach the item collection, including professional standards and competencies, learnings from past coursework, and private experience. These areas happen to be as follows:

Exam Procedures – 32%

Medical Actions – 28%

Medical Terminology – 4%

Medical Theory – 8%

Administration Supervision – 4%

Legal Liability – 8%

Individual Rights – 4%

Medical Records – 4%

Treatment Objectives – 8%

Degrees of Blooms Taxonomy were used to organize test items and to achieve a balance of evaluation item problems and knowledge scope. The levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy that have been introduced inside the original taxonomy in 1959 include the following: Software, analysis, understanding, and expertise (Bloom, 1969; Anderson, et al., 2001). However , this kind of assessment uses the revised taxonomy from 2001 (See Appendix B – Bloom’s Taxonomy Revised) and instead uses the following types of the taxonomy, including additional delineation of the knowledge category, as follows:

Remember (Recognizing, Recalling);

Understand (Interpreting, Exemplifying, Classifying, Summarizing, Inferring, Comparing, Explaining);

Apply (Executing, Implementing)

Assess (Differentiating, Organising, Attributing);

Examine (Checking, Critiquing);

Create (Generating, Planning, Producing) (Armstrong, 2015)..

The 6 cognitive operations are based on know-how, which is additional divided in the revised taxonomy into types of knowledge utilized in cognitive digesting, as follows:

Factual Knowledge (Knowledge of lingo, Knowledge of particular details and elements);

Conceptual Knowledge (Knowledge of categories and types, Knowledge of rules and generalizations, Knowledge of hypotheses, models, and structures);

Step-by-step Knowledge (Knowledge of subject-specific skills and algorithms, Understanding of subject-specific tactics and strategies, Knowledge of criteria for determining when to make use of appropriate procedures);

Metacognitive Know-how (Strategic Expertise, Knowledge about intellectual tasks, which include appropriate in-text and conditional knowledge, Self-knowledge) (Armstrong, 2015).

Content Outcomes








Assessment Procedures


14, 18


doze – Procedural; 23 – Factual

Breastfeeding Actions


10, 19, 20, twenty two

15, 21 years old, 25

three or more – Procedural; 18 – Conceptual

Breastfeeding Terminology

2 – Informative

Nursing Theory

4, 5

24 – Conceptual

Administration / Guidance


Legal Liability

7, 9

Patient Rights

eight – Conceptual

Medical Records

11 – Procedural









Percentage of Each of Bloom’s Taxonomy Cognitive Fields in the Nursing jobs Fundamentals Evaluation Exam

Bear in mind 16%

Understand 24%

Apply 12%

Evaluate 12%

Assess 4%

Generate 0%


Conceptual 12%

Factual 8%

Procedural 12%

Metacognitive 0%


The reliability of a test and the validity of test items are the basis intended for determining the dependability and trustworthiness of a great assessment, with both of these procedures playing a pivotal position in specialist examinations (Billings Halstead, 2009). In order to consider a test dependable, there must be evidence of strong test-retest replication or some other demonstration that the evaluation provides constant scores within in an evidentiary bandwidth of test takers (Billings Halstead, 2009). The test was implemented to 12 individuals within a nursing education program in a major school, such that numbers of experience dropped within a range of one to two numerous years of nursing education.

Raw Ratings Data

Number of students twelve

Number of things 25

Maximum point worth 100

Greatest score 95

Lowest credit score 76

Median 88

Indicate 86. almost 8

Standard Deviation 8. 527

Cronbach’s Alpha (test reliability). 998

The internal consistency of the assessment was conducted using Cronbach’s First in IBM SPSS. The Cronbach’s Alpha dog score gained was. 998, which indicates which the question things do gauge the same principle. Moreover, the inter-item relationship matrix shows all positive numbers, with the lowest relationship at. 991 and the top correlation, normally, at 1 . 00. The Sum of Squares among people was 66963, using a mean sq . of 2575 (F=3. a hundred and forty four, p sama dengan. 001). The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) shows one measures by. 980 (95% Confidence Period, F = 525. 4). This was carried out with a dual end random impact model in which both the associated with the people plus the effects of the measures are random. Plus the intraclass correlation coefficients had been measured making use of the definition of total agreement.

Test reliability in this assessment instrument was found to be substantial using both Cronbach’s Alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient measures. The high stability and excessive F scores can be by least partly attributed to the essential nature of the question products, very few which were problematic to the nursing jobs student taking test. Indeed, the test items that showed the greatest difficulty levels in the research were the following: Questions your five, 19, 20, and 25 at L =. 01; and, concerns 9, 18, and nineteen at S =. 05. Considering the issue items that was out in them difficulty evaluation, two types of questions had been challenging: Concerns that essential discerning amongst several probably reasonable choices, and concerns that essential a substantive ability to recollect a fine detail. Both of these item types happen to be known to be used in state table exams, so the information nursing jobs students learn about their comparative strengths and areas of improvement via this kind of fundamental breastfeeding skills analysis can support their preparation to get final assessments and point out board exams.


The nursing education fundamentals exam was identified to be equally reliable and valid, displaying utility pertaining to nursing student preparation for summative examinations. The exam is also useful as a self-assessment instrument for breastfeeding students for more information about their orientation to testing that cover a multitude of topics after having a substantive amount of time has passed.


Anderson, D. W., Krathwohl, D. 3rd there’s r., Bloom, M. S. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. Nyc: Longman.

Armstrong, P. (2015). Bloom’s Taxonomy. Nashville, TN: Center to get Learning, Vanderbilt University. Gathered from

Billings, M. M. Halstead, J. A. (2009). Instructing in breastfeeding: A guide for faculty (3rd ed. ). St . Louis, MO: Sanders Elsevier.

Full bloom, B. S. (1969). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals: Handbook I, Cognitive website. New York: McKay.

Fundamentals of Nursing Exams. RNPedia. Retreived from

Appendix A: Nursing Education – Primary Concepts*

1 . A sudden redness of the skin is known as:

A Flush

N Cyanosis

C Jaundice

G Pallor

installment payments on your The term gavage indicates:

A Administration of a liquid nourishing into the belly

B Visible examination of the stomach

C Irrigation with the stomach with a solution

DA surgical opening through the abdomen to the abdomen

3. A patient states that he features difficulty sleeping in the hospital because of sound. Which in the following will be an appropriate breastfeeding action?

A Administer a sedative by bedtime, since ordered by physician

M Ambulate the person for 5 minutes before he retires

C Give the individual a glass of warm milk ahead of bedtime

G Close the patient’s door from 9pm to 7am

4. Which of the subsequent nursing advocates dveloped a conceptual style based on the fact that all people strive to attain self-care?

A Martha Rogers

B Dorothea Orem

C Florence Nightingale

D Cister Callista Roy

5. Which will of the pursuing nursing theorists is acknowledged with developing a conceptual unit specific to nursing, with man as the central focus?

A Martha Rogers

B Dorothea Orem

C Florence Nightingale

D Sister Callista Roy

6. Which of the next questions is most appropriate to inquire when interviewing a potential candidate fo an RN position?

A The fact that was your last nursing encounter?

B Are you willing to do overtime on weekends?

C Just how many kids do you have?

M Do you plan to get

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Category: Law,

Topic: Florence Nightingale,

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