The Scarlet Letter

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Some writers experiment with different styles and techniques during their fictional career, with distinct dissimilarities between different works. This may not be true when it comes to Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne exhibits striking commonalities in style and content in the works. These kinds of similarities could be displayed between The Scarlet Page and Young Goodman Brownish. Both functions display Hawthorne’s view on being human, utilize establishing as a character, and include a fallible local clergy member. Evaluation of these performs will bring commonalities to light.


Nathaniel Hawthorne’s view on human nature was not a good one. In fact , nearly all of his works display an extremely dark and disappointing view of human nature. Hawthorne himself describes The Scarlet Letter since “a story of human being frailty and sorrow” (2). Indeed, The Scarlet Letter demonstrates a fragile view of man existence, both physically and spiritually. A lot of the characters from this work suffer from internal and external health conditions that enhance Hawthorne’s depressing view of humanity, and contradict a “beautiful” look at of human nature.

To start, an example of individual frailty inside the Scarlet Page can be seen in different physical health conditions plaguing numerous characters within the story. Roger Chillingworth is one such persona. From his introduction in chapter 3 it is explained that this gentleman suffers a deformity. May be that “one of this mans shoulder flower higher than the other” (Hawthorne 51). Chillingworth himself admits that he realizes he’s ugly and “misshapen via [his] labor and birth hour” (Hawthorne 61).

Obviously, Chillingworth’s deformity serves as a physical representation of the ugliness of being human, but this deformity contains a deeper which means. Due to the instability in Roger’s shoulders, his body looks twisted and hideous. Nevertheless , looking further than the surface someone can consider that Roger’s soul is just as twisted. Chillingworth is curled on revenge, and coldly proclaims if he tells Hester, “His celebrity, his position, his existence, will be within my hands. Beware! ” (Hawthorne 63). This kind of statement makes it clear that Chillingworth is an wicked man, once again reinforcing the darkness of human nature. Certainly, whenever Chillingworth is stated the color dark-colored appears, and Hawthorne also calls Roger “either Satan himself, or Satan’s charge, in the fabrication of outdated Roger Chillingworth” (101). Therefore, the entire persona of Chillingworth displays a dark and twisted facet of human nature, with very little proof of any beauty.

Dimmesdale’s characterization may also evidence the frailty of the human state. Once again, physical symptoms disclose the inward condition of this kind of man’s cardiovascular system. As the story progresses, Dimmesdale begins to develop paler and weaker, and constantly handbags his heart. As it stands, this would satisfy the definition of frailty due to the actual feebleness Dimmesdale displays. Yet , the true infirmity lies in Dimmesdale’s heart. As he cannot openly confess his bad thing like Hester, Dimmesdale lives with inlayed guilt. This kind of causes Dimmesdale sorrow, and he suggestions that he would much alternatively endure Hester’s punishment than his by telling Roger, “But nonetheless, methinks, it must needs be better for the sufferer to get free to present his soreness, as this poor girl Hester is definitely, than to protect it up in the heart (Hawthorne 107). Whilst not displaying pure evil as Chillingworth really does, Dimmesdale’s interior suffering is yet another manner in which Hawthorne portrays human nature as dark and frail.

Small Goodman Brownish also shows examples of this sort of frailty. Following his face with wicked in the hardwoods, Brown finds that everyone he is aware and loves has made some type of pact while using Devil, which includes his beloved Faith. After coming to this realization, Darkish becomes sarcastic and negative, finding no solace in the activities this individual previously loved. Hawthorne says “A demanding, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not only a desperate guy did this individual become in the night of that fearful dream” (n. s. ). This can be the ultimate example of “frailty and sorrow”, as Goodman Darkish has allow one night time transform his entire lifestyle. Brown him self loses every hope in human nature, and believes this to be definitely evil in your mind, once this individual realizes his dear Beliefs has been damaged by the Satan. After his metamorphosis, Dark brown cannot pay attention to sermons together with the same calor as once before, and his relationships with others damage. He then drops dead as a “hoary corpse” (Hawthorne n. p. ) and is also buried in an unadorned grave. These pictures support the concept Hawthorne meant to portray your existence because weak and full of sadness.


Another signature literary approach of Hawthorne’s is the make use of setting as a silent personality. The setting of Hawthorne’s works affects the lives of the heroes tremendously, generally complementing the conflicts between characters. This way, setting influences the thoughts and feelings of the character types, and hard drives them to commit actions that they wouldn’t normally perform.

Of all the adjustments presented in Hawthorne’s functions, one sticks out as getting the most impact”the forest. Inside the novel, the forest is usually described as “vast and dismal” (Hawthorne 62). Puritans never ventured in this wilderness, as it was considered to be a location of unbridled evil, and even your home of the Devil himself. Discussion within the forest is usually bad for Hawthorne characters. As can be confirmed in both novel and Young Goodman Brown, heroes venturing into the forest typically return having committed grievous deeds.

A major personality interacting within the forest is usually Roger Chillingworth, widely regarded as an agent of evil inside the novel. Roger emerges through the forest when he first appears in the book in Section 3, essentially emerging from the darkness. Roger becomes linked more clearly with darkness when he becomes enraptured simply by his quest to exact vengeance upon Dimmesdale. It then is sensible that Roger would emerge from the proposed dwelling place of the Devil, because eventually those of Boston believe that Roger is either a realtor of the Devil, or the Devil himself. Last but not least, the establishing of the forest complements the wicked nature of Roger’s character, as it directly connects him to what the Puritans would have regarded as being a house of night and bad.

Additionally to their appearance inside the Scarlet Notice, the forest as a environment has a incredible impact on the characters in Young Goodman Brown. Devoid of this important setting, Brown’s entire plight would not occurred, as would his critical change in individuality. In essence, Brown’s journey towards the forest is not merely making a stop in some overseas locale, but instead a pact with the Devil himself. This is certainly made apparent in your very beginning in the story in which Hawthorne cell phone calls Brown’s trip “his present evil purpose” (n. s. ).

From the beginning with the story, the morose mother nature of the forest is established. Goodman Brown can be described as having “taken a dreary street, darkened by all the gloomiest trees from the forest” (Hawthorne n. l. ). Because the fresh pastor advances into the forest, and prepares to dedicate his evil deed, this individual encounters more darkness. Hawthorne writes as if merely being in the forest drew Dark brown to devote evil, when he states that Brown moved into “the cardiovascular of the dark wilderness, continue to rushing onward with the behavioral instinct that manuals mortal men to evil” (n. s. ). Ultimately, this conjecture comes true and Brown attends an evil Dark Mass, filled up with horrible “sounds of the benighted wilderness pealing in horrible harmony together” (Hawthorne d. p. ). This encounter will modify Brown’s your life permanently in an overwhelmingly negative manner. Consequently, one can evidence the importance in the forest in Young Goodman Brown’s whole life, and how this setting becomes a “silent character”.


One final trademark of Hawthorne’s producing style can be his use of similar heroes throughout his various works. A prime example of this is the kampfstark similarity between Arthur Dimmesdale and Small Goodman Brownish. The foremost similarity between your two is that both characters are instances of flawed fresh clergymen who suffer dearly for mistakes. In addition , both guys exemplify which the Puritan clergy”held to an extremely high standard by parishioners of the day” are yet human and perform precisely the same sins because commoners.

When Dimmesdale’s bad thing is that of fornication, and Brown’s is of worshiping the Devil, both begin to exhibit external indications of despair for his or her actions. In line with the novel, Dimmesdale’s “form grew emaciated, his voice a new certain despair prophecy of despair in it” (Hawthorne 97). Also, after Dark brown emerged through the forest following his nights evil, he was said to have not been a similar again. Hawthorne states just how Brown transitioned from a kind-hearted porquerizo to a seasoned and anxious man next night. Also, both personas received retribution for their sinful actions”Dimmesdale throughout the pain caused by self-flagellation, and Brown through his locura and major depression.

Another similarity involving the two pastors lies in the motivation for actions. Both men were influenced seriously by women”Dimmesdale by Hester, and Darkish by Beliefs. Evidence of this is certainly more clear for Dimmesdale, as being suggested as a factor as the co-adulterer it is quite clear to see that his trouble was determined by passion for Hester. Brown nevertheless , is also affected by Trust. As mentioned recently, his whole life is improved when he understands that his “Faith is finished! ” (Hawthorne n. g. ). Therefore, a similarity can be driven here between two upstanding pastors whom both got their lives ruined by a woman who have they placed dearly for their heart.

In conclusion, Hawthorne exhibits a similar style through his entire cache of works. When each operate has its own detailed aspects, most all happen within the placing he had your own connection to”Puritan New Britain. Likewise, his works all display the like such as the portrayal of a dark and depressing human nature, setting operating being a character, along with similarities in characters. These ingredients act as a unifying push throughout the complete Hawthorne canon, and are acknowledged as distinctly Hawthorne. While all Hawthorne’s works are similar, each one tells its own tale, and offers another look into the lives of the early Puritans.

Works Cited

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. Boston: Prestwick House, 2005. Produce.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Youthful Goodman Dark brown. 1835. Web.

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Category: Literature,

Topic: Human nature, Scarlet Letter, This individual, Young Goodman,

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